State borders - The length of the state border of the Republic of Tajikistan with Uzbekistan in the western and northern directions is 1161 kilometers; with Kyrgyz Republic – 987 kilometers; with Afghanistan in the South – 1332 kilometers; and with China in the East – 495 kilometers.
Climate - Climate in Tajikistan is moderate, sharply continental and dry. In January, temperatures in lowland areas fluctuate from 0 С to +2 С; in mountainous areas down to -30 C. In June temperatures in valleys fluctuate from +23 С to +40 C; in the mountains – from +4 С to +15 С.
The geography of the Republic of Tajikistan is mountainous with heights above sea level varying between 300 and 7495 meters. Mountains belonging to the highest ranges of Central Asia make up 93% of the total area of the country. There is the Farghona valley in the North, while in the northwest and the central parts there are the Turkmenian, Zarafshon, Hisor and Oloy mountain ranges. The Southeast boasts the impressive Pomir range. Its highest mountain, the Somoni Peak, with an altitude of 7495 meters, is one of the highest summits of the world. The Southwest has large valleys such as the Vakhsh, Hisor and others. Tajikistan has an abundance of lakes and rivers. There are about 947 rivers longer than 10 kilometers with a total length of more than 28500 kilometers. The rivers account for 60% of all hydro-resources of central Asia. Tajikistan has many lakes – more than 1,300 with the total area of 705 square kilometers. The biggest lakes are Karakul, Sarez, and Yashikul.
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